Finance & Invesment
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With so many people facing foreclosure today, thousands of loan modification companies have emerged offering a financial lifeline. Unfortunately, most demand big upfront fees, are not sufficiently educated in the industry to actually help, and may hurt by wasting valuable time and effort, or many companies (about 75%) are in the business to scam people. As stated by Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan–If you are struggling to make your mortgage payments, or if you are facing foreclosure, stay away from anyone who says that they will save your home for money upfront-.
Loss Mitigation Specialist C. Thompson Sr (Nationwide Assistance, Clermont, FLA), has determined several tale tale signs of scamming by these companies:
Charges a huge upfront fee- the purpose of the fee is to contact the lender to ask for a loan modification. But, if turned down, only half the fee or none of the fee is returned. In these cases, there should be a money back guarantee.
Will not explain the purpose of the fee- all services should be explained and all questions answered.
Is not interested in your circumstances- may not have your best interest at heart.
Does not stop the foreclosure proceedings during the negotiation.
Will accept the first proposal from the lender, which may not suit your circumstances.
A virtual company-no real office- may not be a real company.
Too good to be true- promises a fantastic interest rate or/and an exact principle reduction amount, without consulting the lender. No promises can be made without negtiating with the lender.
No approval process-An approval process should be the first step in the modification process, before a fee is paid. The process should not include credit qualification, and approval should not be made on the first phone call.
Not a member of the Better Business Bureau.-they are not a leader in the industry.
Fortunately, you can avoid these scams. There are other avenues to pursue if you need assistance with your urgent mortgage problems. Consider a non-profit agency that will assist you without charging a fee, or a real estate licensee and an attorney who will work and allow payment after the work is completed. You can also obtain free advice and consultation for your refinance, loan modification and foreclosure needs through several government agencies:
Hope NOW –
California Department of Real Estate –
Making Home Affordable-
The information presented above applies to home refinancing and loan modification abuse. However, if you are seriously looking to improve your finances in general, visit to find out more.
After the 2008 world economic crisis, finding the right investment vehicles seems much harder and trickier. Worldwide currency, which everyone believed in, has shown its face value and, overall people have lost their confidence in the popular investment means available on the global market. However, one of the post crisis positive effects is that individuals became more aware and cautious about the significance of managing their resources appropriately and securing their assets.
Although the present day market openings sets forth an apparently endless variety of choices, making the right investment is all about selecting that alternative apposite for your means, objectives and goals on short, medium and long term. Resorting to professionals is one of the best ways to drive your worth to the right target as long as you manage to find some trustworthy, skilled, and dependable experts.
In nowadays context, the hedge fund is fairly set at the higher end of the investment opportunities scale. Working as a private pool of capital, little known to the wide public, such funds rather address the sophisticated investor that can afford hefty net investments in the prospect of likewise gains. Unlike most types of funds, a hedge fund gathers capital from a fairly limited number of individuals and, naturally the investment amounts are significantly greater, being typically believed to range between one million and six million dollars. Nevertheless, there is no investment maximal threshold regulation in place.
The hedge fund is actively run by a manager, who is in charge with all financial strategies and decisions. Once in, the investors can not set a veto on his decisions. Drawing back the capital ahead of a predetermined time span usually calls upon considerable penalties, which remain in the fund and are finally split between the remaining investors. The hedge fund manager takes up an operational commission and a performance brokerage.
In comparison with other type of investments, the hedge fund primarily differs through a wider range of investment strategies it can adopt and a more regulatory-free area of action, including short selling and hilt leveraging. No such fund is risk free, yet primarily depending on the objects of ventures, the manager can draw in high gains with relatively small risks. For instance, precious metal investments have proved to be such nest eggs. Although, one needs to be no expert to know that investing in gold – the ultimate safe heaven of all seasons- is the right investment choice for all kinds of financial portfolios, the profits of a hedge fund may considerably overrun those achievable from independent investments.
In todays crumbling, commercial real estate market, both borrowers and lenders find themselves in quite a precarious predicament. Borrowers struggle to make their commercial mortgage payments, while lenders are crippled by the increasing number of defaults on commercial property. Right now the best solution to this problem is commercial mortgage modification.
Commercial mortgage modification is the process of renegotiating the terms of a commercial loan. This is done typically by reducing the interest rate or monthly payment on the loan. Other benefits to the borrower may include an extension of the loan term, a forbearance or moratorium on payments, and of course an alternative to foreclosure.
A commercial mortgage modification is about risk to the lender. A lender will only consider a modification if a borrower is in default or at risk of defaulting. The most important thing the lender will look at in determining whether or not to modify a commercial note is cash flow. One very important calculation used in determining cash flow is called the DCR or Debt Coverage Ratio. This ratio is used by the underwriters to determine if a modification can be approved. If a property is breaking even, meaning the income generated is equal to the operating expenses, the DCR would be equal to 1. If commercial property has a positive cash flow, meaning the income the property generates is more than sufficient to cover the mortgage payment and all of the operating expenses, the DCR is greater than 1. If the property is losing money, the DCR would be less than 1. A lender will most likely not modify the commercial note, if the property already has a DCR greater than 1. Commercial lenders writing new commercial loans will most likely require a DCR of 1.25 or greater.
The most common form of payment reduction seen in a commercial mortgage modification is when the lender converts a principal and interest payment to an interest only payment. A lender may consider this form of commercial loan modification to help the borrower improve their cash flow. By only paying the interest on the loan, as opposed to principal and interest, the payment becomes more affordable for the borrower.
However, in extreme circumstances, reducing the mortgage payment to interest only is just not enough for a commercial property owner. If a lender sees that the borrower will still have negative cash flow even after reducing the payment to interest only, they may consider a reduction in the interest rate. Although the interest rate reduction may be temporary, it will help the borrower free up capital and maintain the mortgage payment on time. Although uncommon, lenders have lowered interest rates to as low as 1% even, to avoid an even more costly foreclosure.
Investment club is formed by a group of people who pool their money for joint investments. If you are a new to investing in stock market and have limited funds, starting an investment club is a great way to learn from other investors and get hands on experience in investing.
Here are some tips to starting an investment club.
1. Make sure all members understand the risks of investing. Many people who invest think they are going to be very successful, and are not prepared to lose all of their money. Unfortunately, there are no guarantees when it comes to the stock market. No one should invest money they are not willing to lose.
2. Find the right people who share the same investment objectives and goals. It is easier to get along with right minded people and learn from each other.
3. Make sure all club members agree to the partnership agreement and any other rules.
4. Join the National Association of Investors Corporation (NAIC) that provides support, information and tools on starting an investment club and investing, and publishes a monthly investor-learning magazine.
5. All members must agree to make a monthly contribution. The typical range of contribution is $20 to $100 a month. Members who contribute more than the required contribution are allowed greater share of profits.
6. Decide on how to meet and the frequency of meetings. For the initial setting up of the club, it may be best for everyone to meet in person. If all meetings are held online, it may be good to meet in person once or twice a year for social interaction. To keep up to date, it is recommended to meet 1-2 times a month.
7. Start with a small number of people. It is easier to come to an agreement when there are fewer members. When the club is established and all formal procedures are in place, new members can be invited to join.
8. Education is the main goal of an investment club. An investment club made up of educated investors will be more successful and cohesive than an investment club which is solely focused on making a profit.
9. Every investment club must have a well-defined investment style or investment philosophy. There must be clear selection criteria such as what type of stocks to invest, the acceptable risk tolerance level and rate of return. All club members should be aware of and agree to the investment style of the club.
Starting and running an investment club is an invaluable learning experience, where you can leverage on the expertise and knowledge of other investors. Investment clubs facilitate the exchange of ideas and collective decisions that are likely to produce sustainable returns.
This article will share with you how to make money online without investment. Everyone wants to earn ” internet money”. The best way is to do this is with no experience and with zero cost. Imagine this, you could have multiple sources of online income. This will increase your streams of income. Get rid of the myth that you need to own a web site, you must have online product to sell or you must acquire the technical skills or “internet savvy” for your to earn “internet money”.
You could still earn “internet money” if you are not a web designer or a marketing genius. You are still wondering how to make money online without investment? Explore the following ways.
1. Online Writing
You could certainly earn “internet money” if you love writing. There are article directories or websites which pay you money if you submit or contribute your writing to them. Explore these sites, for example, Helium, Hubpages, Squidoo, Snipsly and Info Barrel. Start writing and sharing and start making money online without investment.
2. Affiliate Marketing
This is the best online business model for a beginner online marketer. Basically, you promote some else’s product online and you get paid a commission by successfully done so. You could get the affiliate products for free at the affiliate networks. You could use article marketing or even blogging to promote the affiliate products.
You don’t need to have a website and you don’t need to know about web designing for you to set-up and blog. You could even set up a blog for free within minutes and start posting. Place ads for free on your blog and you will get paid when the visitors click on the ads. You could even place your affiliate link on your blog and promote the affiliate product through your blog. Again, share you story, your passion or whatever interesting topics through your blog and earn money online without investment.
How to make money online without investment? Explore the above now and integrate online writing, affiliate marketing and blogging and start making “internet money”. Isn’t it wonderful for you to be able to earn money online without investing a single dime?
Results Plan in Financial Management
Dividends are those incomes which are distributed among stockholders of a company. These incomes are compensated either in money or in stock, usually on a monthly basis and may be compensated only out of maintained income, not from invested investment. Dividends are only compensated when the corporation’s success can assistance this pay out. The more and frequent the corporation’s success, the frequent the transaction of returns. The amount of dividend compensated for each discuss is determined by the corporation’s policy towards them. Organizations are not required lawfully to pay returns, but to keep the traders interested in the company, the control pays out dividend, though the percentage of returns per discuss can differ from season to season, as it is determined by the success of the company.
There are other aspects also which choose the transaction of dividend in the company. These include corporate amount of development, limited covenants, income stability, degree of financial debt and tax aspects.
Dividend Plan is essential in dealing with certain aspects such as:
Influences the investors’ decisions: Community which wants to invest in a company will look for two aspects, the success of the company and the overall amount of development of the company. Earnings will determine the corporation’s dividend payout amount and of course amount of development of the company is also an essential aspect. So, a company seeking excellent investor assistance shall have to choose a dividend policy which can keep the traders happy.
Impact on financial program and investment funds of a company: Results policy is one of the aspects impacting a corporation’s financial and investment funds. The income of a company associated with a quarter or a season are usually taken into consideration. These incomes are either saved as maintained income or they can be compensated out. Retained income are excellent source of generating internal financial. A company cannot in many circumstances save 100% of the income or pay out 100% of the income as returns. Many a times, it needs to reach a balance between dividend payout amount and maintained income amount. The rates can be 50: 50, 60:40, 70:30, etc.
A company cannot afford paying out great dividend rates every season. Instead, it can adopt a low dividend payout amount which can be helpful during the years of low income as well.
High dividend amount will affect the income of the company. Companies with poor assets amount cannot pay out dividends because of less option money.
High dividend amount will decrease the stockholders’ value, since returns are compensated from maintained income. The result is higher financial debt to value amount.
Loan modification option is chosen by a homeowner only when he is overstressed by the non-repayment of his home loan and frustrated from the frequent reminder calls of his lender. This leads to a fear about the uncertain future and the threat of foreclosure. All these things work together and people apply for a loan modification process as the last and only hope. This in fact was the previous thinking but today with the efforts of the present government, mortgage modification process has been simplified and made feasible for every citizen of America.
Today loan modification can solve all issues regarding late payments of the home loan or the danger of foreclosure and restructure your loan into payments that you can easily afford and this will actually put you back to life. You need to stay positive and look into this loan modification matter in a different way because now this is your right and there is nothing like mercy sort of thing involved here. You need to hold your head up and keep the optimistic result in mind because the whole process will take some time and you will have to work patiently throughout the entire process.
Applying for a loan modification process is a systematic procedure and you need to find out the requirements of your lender first. This will help you plan further and collect the documents and arrange them according to the sequence of requirement. The documents should be supportive to the declarations and statements that you make while filling up the application form. You are also required to fill the form properly and in fact you should double-check it very carefully before submitting it so that not a single point is missing or left out. There have been many rejections only because the application form was not duly filled.
Then there is hardship letter that needs to be written in which you have to give in details of your hardship that can be your job loss, illness, divorce, being overstressed due to loan repayments or any other one. The hardship letter has a big role to play in the approval of the loan modification as many lenders have made it the decisive criteria for this program. So you should write an impressive and motivating hardship letter that has the capability to earn the lender’s sympathy and make him feel that you are the most eligible candidate for loan modification program.
When you are faced with financial hardship and you want to write an effective letter for loan modification, there are some basic rules you need to abide with for your application to be accepted. I have drafted here a sample letter for loan modification. Start the letter by writing your name, loan number, contact address, phone number, and may be your email address. Then in the body of the letter: To Whom It May Concern I’m writing this hardship letter to you in order to explain the reasons behind my requesting for a loan modification on my mortgage payments. I made my last payment just before August last year, since then I was not able to make any other payment on my monthly mortgage, reason is because of my husband terminal illness with gulp huge amount of money from our treasury since then it become increasingly difficult for me to handle alone. I am requesting for an interest reduction down to YX% from my current XX%. I feel it is a fair percentage for you, and this will be within my means. Prior to husband illness, both of us have been making enough to carter for our mortgage. Even when our interest rate rose to XX% we had no difficulty paying it. However, since the illness, I was left with half of the monthly income I had before. I had been pulling together enough to pay the bills and mortgage by pulling from our savings and the small amount of life insurance I received, but I can not cope for now that is why I requested for loan modification option from you. Without you lowering my interest rate, I won’t be able to afford the monthly payments. I have to make a choice between a loan modification and a foreclosure. I prefer the former far better than the later, and you probably would as well. YX% is the most I can afford now, even if I cut all of my expenses out of the picture. Please consider my application seriously and I hope to hear more from you on this matter soonest. Sincerely, Your Name (with date) You will notice that this letter is simple but straight to the point, it explain the circumstances of the loan seeker and her ideal interest rate based on her present income, she also showcase seriousness, she also let the lender know she would like to still maintain her home, the letter also pleads a good case for the lender, your lender must be aware of your choice between modification and foreclosure, although your lender may lose money on loan modification but it can not be compared with foreclosure, if you get all your facts, numbers and story straight you can put up a compelling hardship letter. Further more, for essential tips and facts on how to get quicker approval on your loan modification, I have done some research on this for you, visit for updated information.
Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments
Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.
Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.
Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.
Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.
The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.
Iraq has third largest oil reserve in the world and the Iraqi dinar is considered as a good investment option owing to an increase in oil production. The popularity of this currency has increased considerably over time. Many people prefer to buy dinar online.
Oil trading being the main asset of Iraq, it attracts a lot of investment from foreign countries every year. Oil trade has helped a great deal in developing the economic conditions of the country and many private investors are purchasing Iraqi dinar as investment. It is estimated that once the government there reach stability, the investors will make huge profits.
If you are planning to make an investment in the Iraqi currency, there are a few steps to follow:
– Do a proper research before investing and gain a good knowledge about new and old Iraqi dinar.
– There are good chances to get scammed in such an investment. Gather information about the anti counterfeiting measures of the foreign currency.
– It is very important to find an authentic dealer or else you may lose your money. The best way to buy is contacting your local bank. If they sell foreign currency, then that is the safest option. Another place to buy currency is online. It is not only fast but easy too. A good dealer will provide you with all the details and the information related to buying and the risk involved. You can easily browse online and contact a number of dealers.
Finding a credible and trustworthy dealer is a very important thing. You must write down all the doubts you have in mind and ask questions before finalizing the dealer. You can enquire from the dealer about their ratings with the Better Business bureau to check their credibility. Look for a dealer who has been in business for over 4 years. Also check with them the certificates of authenticity to see if the dinars are real. You should also see a copy of US treasury registration. Dont trust everything that a dealer has to say to you without verifying the facts.
You should also keep in mind that the return on any foreign currency is not guaranteed. Your profit will depend on a number of market factors. A lot of people have got good returns by investing in this currency over the years.
Be sure to do proper homework and take some advice from the experts before making any investment.